Allium sativa

Description - An Egyptian papyrus of around 1550 BC includes 22 therapeutic recipes that use garlic for complaints ranging from bites to heart problems and tumors. The Greeks, Romans and Vikings have all left evidence that garlic was prescribed for a variety of illnesses. Thousands of years use, coupled with modern scientific research, has shown garlic to be a herb with important health properties.

Pharmacology - Intact raw garlic cells contain alliin (an amino acid) and alliinase (an enzyme). When garlic is cut or crushed, alliin and alliinase immediately react together to produce the pungent substance allicin, which has strong antibacterial and antiprotozoal activity. It has been found to effectively inhibit many opportunistic micro-organisms, including some antibiotic-resistant strains.

Medicinal Uses - In a study by Singh et al. (1984) Garlic extract was shown to be a more potent inhibitor of 8 out of 9 strains of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus, Escherichia, Proteus, and Pseudomonas bacteria, than penicillin, ampicillin, doxycycline, streptomycin or cephalexin.

Therapeutic Uses -

Interactions and Contra-indications - There are no known drug interactions or Contraindications for garlic.

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