Cynara scolymus

Other Names - Alcachofa, Alcachofera, Artichaut, Globe Artichoke, Tyosen-Azami, Cynara scolymus

Part of the plant used - Flower heads, leaves, roots

Edible Parts - The flower head of the globe artichoke is used as a common food. The artichoke head, leaves and root contain several active components important for liver, kidney and gall bladder complaints. Traditional uses have included treatment of sluggish liver, poor digestion and atherosclerosis.

Pharmacology - The globe artichoke has become important as a medicinal herb in recent years following the discovery of cynarin. This bitter-tasting compound, which is found in the leaves, improves liver and gall bladder function, stimulates the secretion of digestive juices, especially bile, and lowers blood cholesterol levels.

Medicinal use - The leaves are anticholesterolemic, antirheumatic, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and lithontripic. They are used internally in the treatment of chronic liver and gall bladder diseases, jaundice, hepatitis, arteriosclerosis and the early stages of late-onset diabetes. The leaves are best harvested just before the plant flowers, and can be used fresh or dried.

Historical Uses:

Toxitity, Cautions & Cotraindications - No known toxicity

Return to the Main Index to Elkin Vanaeons Website from the Mysts of Time

Idaho Web Design Tools
 Idaho Web Design Tools